The smart media environment, represented by TGIF (Twitter, Google, iPhone and Facebook), is changing the way social members interact, interact and acquire information. We are also more lonely in the extended network of relationships that has enabled new communication technologies. While the entry into the first connected society caused by the development of digital new media may lead members of society to a more intimate networked community, there is also the possibility that members who fail to adapt to the rapidly changing media environment will be left out of the networked community.

The advent of new media has been the biggest driver of expanding the concept of literacy. While “information literacy” is important in existing media such as television, the emergence of new media brought on by the development of digital technology requires users’ ability to collect, utilize, transform and produce information. The proliferation of digital media, represented by the integration of interactivity, networking and information, has led to the notion of digital literacy, which emphasizes access to networks and computers, ability to utilize content, the ability to share knowledge information, and the ability to choose information. It means that digital media users must have integrated retracial capabilities that understand and utilize each type of information.

“Literacy” generally means the ability to write and read text, or letters, and the concept has been extended according to the form of language brought about by the development of communication technology. In other words, the ability to analyze the character language in the age of the writing medium was required, and in the age of the imaging medium, the ability to analyze the image language was required. On the other hand, the digital age calls for a new literacy, which means the ability to analyze the messages that digital languages make up.